…In contrast complex systems are based on relationships, and their properties of self-organisation, interconnectedness, and evolution. They cannot be understood solely by simple or complex approaches to evidence, policy, planning and management. The metaphor that Glauberman and Zimmerman uses for complex system is like raising a child. Formulae have little application. Raising a child provides experience but do not assure success with the next. Every child is unique and must be understood as such.  Outcomes are uncertain. You can not separate the parts from the whole. The solution to problems most of the times emerge from within the family and involve values.  In complicated systems we can build their parts and then put them together in order to create the system. They are often engineered. Instead we cannot create a complex adaptive system (CAS) from scratch and expect to turn out just how we expected.

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